Basic Indian Gravies

Brown Gravy
Brown Gravy is the very basic preparation that becomes a base for number of dishes. It is made from onion and tomatoes and sometimes also called as onion tomato (Pyaz Tamatar) gravy or bhuna masala.

White Gravy
White gravy is made from boiled onion paste and nuts, finished with cardamom & mace powder. It is generally used as a base for Shahi Paneer. Somewhere Shahi Paneer is served as a tomato/onion base, red or orange coloured gravy, that I feel is some variation. Shahi means Royal and it is called so because of the use of nuts in it. The famous korma are also considered as the derivative of white gravy. 

Makhani Gravy

Makhni stands for smooth texture. This word has been derived from “makhan” that literally means Butter in hindi. This gravy is characterized by its velvety texture that comes from the liberal use of cream and butter, red colour and the flavour of kasoori methi.

Green Gravy/Palak Gravy

It is made from spinach and its very nutritious. This gravy is made by adding boiled spinach paste to the onion and tomato masala.

Gravy
Major Ingredients
Other Ingredients
Flavouring agent
Uses
Derivatives/ further uses
Brown Gravy
Onion and Tomato
Ginger Garlic Paste
Whole Spices
Majority of North Indian Dishes, Chicken Curry, Gobhi Masala, Paneer Lababdar
Lababdar,
Masala Gravy
Makhni Gravy
Tomatoes
Ginger Garlic Paste, Khoya kaju kaju paste
Kasoori Methi
Murg Makhni (Butter Chicken), Paneer Makhni, Subz makhan wala, mixed with brown gravy to form other dishes –   paneer tikka masala, murg tikka masala
Kadhai gravy
White Gravy
Boiled onion paste and white paste (paste of cashewnut, magaztari & Poppy seeds)
Ginger Garlic Paste, green chilly paste,  white pepper powder , cream and/or curd
Mace and Cardamom
Navrattan korma, malai matar, malai kofta

mixed with brown onion paste to form murg korma
Green Gravy
(Hariyali Gravy)
Spinach
Onion, tomato, ginger garlic paste
Garam masala
Palak paneer, aloo palak, saag gosht





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