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jitiya - Jivitputrika or jitiya

11 top delicacies for Jivitputrika or jitiya

Jivitputrika or jitiya Jivitputrika or jitiya is a festival celebrated for the well being and prosperity of the children. Mothers fast and pray for the long life of their kids. This is mainly celebrated in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand & Uttar Pradesh. When and how to celebrate Jivitputrika/ jitiya This is a 3 days festival and starts from seventh lunar day of Krishna-Paksha in Ashvin month to ninth lunar day. As per english calendar, this festival is celebrated in September. These three days are celebrated as 1.Nahai – Khai (Satwmi) 2.Khur Jitiya or Jivitputrika day (Asthami) 3.Paaran (Naomi)
Nahai khai – This is the preparatory day and as per the rituals – Mothers take bath in the morning and take food. The food generally consists of – Pua, Kheer, Sevai Khur Jitiya or Jivitputrika day The actual festival day. Mothers observe whole day fast. They do not take water, for almost 24 hours or more. It is also customary to have Sargi, something …

Bakery and Confectionery

Difference between Bakery and Confectionery

Most of us, considers Bakery and confectionery as same. This is basically the place from where we get breads, cookies, pastries, cakes etc. For a common person it is fine and it really does not matters, that people are having their breads from Bakery or Confectionery. But for hotel professionals, Food enthusiastic and specially for students of hotel Management (who are the future chefs/Managers), it does matters and IT MATTERS A LOT,,,,

Actually, I got disappointed with some of my students, who could not differentiate these two. On the top of this, some had little wrong concept/perception for the same. This incident inspired me to discuss these terms with you. 

What is a Bakery - 
Bakery is a place where breads and other fermented goods are made and sold.


What is confectionery - 
Confectionery is the place where sweets and chocolates are prepared and sold.

(Confectionery/confectioners also denotes Europeans sweets, candies and chocolates) I would also like to mention that the Halwai section of Indian Kitchen is also called by the name of Indian confectionery by the British.

Depending on the nature of product prepared, Confectionery can be further divided into 3 sub – departments.

These are –
• Flour Confectionery
• Sugar Confectionery
• Chocolate Confectionery

So, technically you buy your Breads from Bakery. Besides this other fermented products like – soup rolls, Buns, Pav, Pizza base etc can also be procured from the same place.

Now, the confectionery products - As discussed above, it includes all the sweet products(All raised chemically or mechanically) like pastries, cakes, candies, chocolates, muffins, ├ęclairs and others.

Let's summarize the differences between Bakery and Confectionery

Difference between bakery and confectionery

Bakery is a place where breads and other fermented goods are made and sold.
Confectionery is the place where sweets and chocolates are prepared and sold.
Breads, soup rolls/sticks, pizza base, pav etc
Cake, Pastries, Gataux, cookies, chocolates, candies etc
Bakery is comparatively hot place
Confectionery except baking section is maintained at different temperature depending upon the nature and uses – flour/ sugar/chocolate confectionery.
Raising Agent
Biological (Yeast)
Chemical and/or Mechanical

Shakesh Singh


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